Tagged: Endurance

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WTCC introducing…. Kris Richard – Eurosport.co.uk


Eurosport.co.uk

WTCC introducing…. Kris Richard
Eurosport.co.uk
But I recognised I have to do something because I struggled a bit in the car with my endurance. Something changed in the head and now I am able to eat a lot but not gaining so much weight by training, that’s for sure. It’s better to be in this weight

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How your DNA can reveal the perfect workout

We might like to think we’re brilliantly unique, but we share the majority of our DNA makeup with all the other humans on the planet, and slight genetic[1] variations make us who we are. Now, this information is being harnessed to help both athletes and the average Joe achieve their fitness potentials. 

This technology is the next step in the personalised fitness[2] dominated by Fitbits and other tracking devices. It is science that Olympic athletes including Greg Rutherford premier league football teams are said to swear by.

Most recently, health firm DNA Fit rolled out its Elevate software, which enables clients to access workouts built around their genetic coding on their smartphones and other devices.

To fetch this data, clients swab the inside of their mouths, and post off the cotton bud to the DNA Fit lab. There, technicians test for sensitivity to fats, lactose, gluten, carbohydrates, salt, alcohol and caffeine, among others things. A week or so later, a 25-page diet report and 15-page fitness rundown is sent back. 

As well as determining whether a person is particularly sensitive and prone to putting on weight after eating certain food groups, DNA markers can pinpoint if a person is more predisposed to training for endurance – such as cycling or running – or power – including weight lifting, high intensity resistance training and sprinting. Even details like the number of reps per exercise and recovery times are said to be lurking in our DNA. Trainers use this data to tailor efficient workouts and diets to help their client maximise their health.

The exercise it takes to burn off high-calorie foods – in pictures

“Thanks to the lowering cost of genotyping analysis researches studies are now possible at a fraction of the cost, this helps the science move forward,” DNA Fit founder, Avi Lasarow told The Independent. This is how the team informs the training plans with Elevate, he explains.

Nicholas Jones, the head of firm DNA Sports Performance, has worked with the England rugby and hockey teams and carried out studies into using genetic markers to enhance fitness at Lanchashire University. In a study on rowers published in the ‘Biology of Sport’ journal, Jones pinpointed whether participants fell into the endurance or power bracket. 

“If you match your genotype with your training the likelihood of significant improvement was 21 times more in the power test and 28.5 times more in endurance, test compared with people who were mismatched,” he told The Independent.

“Let’s flip that to yourself who’s just at the gym after Christmas and you want to get fit. You go to gym you and don’t see improvements. You don’t get more strong or powerful you get disgruntled and leave after four weeks. Whereas if you had done the genetic test you’d be much more likely to see the results you’re after quicker. You’re more likely to carry on in the gym as a result,” he argues. 

However, sceptics aren’t so convinced. Focusing on 45 of the 10million gene variants in the human body, as such tests do, gives only a small glimpse into our genetic profiles. 

“If you want to know how good someone is likely to be at sport, you’ll probably get a better idea by looking at them and their body shape,” Mark Thomas, professor of evolutionary genetics at University College London told The Telegraph. 

Maintaining a healthy diet is also key to hitting peak levels of performance.

“You have to think about environmental factors,” says Jones. “Take Team GB runner Mo Farah and his twin brother. Side by side you can see photos of them. His brother is quite overweight and isn’t a world class athlete. His environment has identical genes to Mo but his environment hasn’t allowed him to use the potential of the genes.” 

So, genetic test or no, at the end of the day none of us will become an Adonis without putting the hard work in at the gym. 

Reuse content[3]

References

  1. ^ genetic (www.independent.co.uk)
  2. ^ fitness (www.independent.co.uk)
  3. ^ Reuse content (www.independent.co.uk)
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TAURINE -The Next Super Supplement for Bodybuilding?

Does the name Taurine sound familiar? Well, yes, if you are someone who drinks Red Bull frequently and have actually cared to check the ingredients. For those who haven’t, you can check out the word “Taurine” written in a stylish font at the back of the can. There`s a reason why it’s added to Red Bull and if you weren’t aware, we’re going to break it down for y’all.

What is Taurine?

TAURINE -The Next Super Supplement for Bodybuilding© Thinkstock/Getty Images

Taurine is an organic compound, a naturally occurring amino acid which is found in high concentration in white blood cells, skeletal muscles, the central nervous system and as well as in the heart muscles. It is a major component of bile (bile helps in digestion of fat) in humans. It’s found in the large intestine and accounts for up to 0.1% of your total bodyweight. 

Is It An Essential or Non-essential Amino acid?

TAURINE -The Next Super Supplement for Bodybuilding© Thinkstock/Getty Images

For those of you who are hearing these terms for the first time, let me clear them doubts for you. Amino acids are the basic building blocks of proteins which are categorized into two types:-

Essential Amino Acids :-  These cannot be made by the body. As a result, they must come from food or supplements. The 9 essential amino acids are: histidine, isoleucine, leucine, lysine, methionine, phenylalanine, threonine, tryptophan, and valine.

Non-Essential Amino acids:-These are made by the body itself but some of these can be termed ‘conditionally essential’ as well.  That is because external dosage becomes essential under conditions of physical stress or trauma, when the body cannot produce a sufficient amount to meet demand. Some conditionally essential amino acids are: glutamine, arginine, cysteine and ‘taurine’.

What It (Possibly) Can Do 

TAURINE -The Next Super Supplement for Bodybuilding© Thinkstock/Getty Images

Not all supplements act the same way on every consumer. Effects of supplements are very subjective, that’s why we used the word ‘possibly’. 

1. Strength Gains:-It can act similarly to Creatine, increasing cell hydration. Not only will this make muscles appear fuller but also provide indirect stimulus for anabolism.

2. Fat Oxidation:-In some studies, acute ingestion of 1.66 g of Taurine before exercise resulted in a small but significant increase in fat oxidation during sub-maximal cycling in endurance-trained cyclists.

3. Improved Pumps:- Taurine has been shown to participate in the excitation-contraction coupling mechanism in skeletal muscles, which means that it affects the transmission of an electrical signal into muscle fibers. This has obvious importance in ensuring optimal muscle performance, which eventually leads to enhancement in gains. 

4. Improved (Aerobic) Athletic Performance:- A study published by Japanese researchers in 2003 examined 11 men aged 18 to 20, who were told to perform bicycle exercises until they were exhausted. After taking taurine supplements for seven days (each time, before their workout), the men showed significant increases in VO2max (the maximum capacity of a person’s body to transport and use oxygen) and time until exhaustion sets in. The researchers credited the improvement to taurine’s antioxidant activity and protection of cellular properties

5. Taurine and Stress:- Taurine has the ability to calm the CNS, or central nervous system. It can work to reduce anxiety and stress levels as well. Low taurine intake can leave your central nervous system prone to stress and chronic high stress levels. As I mentioned in the start, since it’s a conditionally essential amino, its requirement can go up when an athlete is under physical or mental stress. 

Dietary Sources Of Taurine

Fish , Meat ,Chicken, Egg, whole milk and cheese 

How To Supplement With Taurine

Consume 1-3gm a day, 30 minutes before workout.

Other Important Things About Taurine

Apart from its performance-enhancing benefits, it is also being heavily researched as an anti-diabetic compound due to its effects on various organs of the body of most concern to diabetics (kidney, eye, and nerve health) as well as controlling blood sugar while reducing some forms of insulin resistance.

Due to the multiple benefits it offers, it is a supplement which old people/Vegans/Athletes with medical conditions discussed above can benefit highly from.

More research is needed in healthy athletes and particularly for strength athletes and bodybuilders to determine the complete effects of taurine.

Photo: © YouTube (Main Image)